Board of Directors
Since 2016, Mr. Avni has served as an adviser to companies on investment and business strategies. From 2006 to 2016, Mr. Avni was employed by QVT Financial LP, a multi-billion-dollar investment firm. At QVT, where he served as a portfolio manager starting in 2008, Mr. Avni led investment activities in closed-end fund arbitrage and related special situations globally, among other investments. While at QVT, Mr. Avni led successful turn-arounds of distressed companies, having collaborated with stockholders, management teams and boards of directors on various strategies to unlock stockholder value. Mr. Avni also served as senior quantitative analyst and trader at Weiss Asset Management from 2003 to 2005, where he developed quantitative trading methodologies and software as well as managed a broad array of the firm’s business operations. Mr. Avni has been a CFA® Charterholder since 2005.
Since 2013, Mr. Chapman has served as Chairman of NAXS, a Nasdaq Stockholm listed company investing primarily in Nordic assets. Mr. Chapman has served since 2017 as Non-Executive Chairman of Origo Partners Plc, a London Stock Exchange listed company, investing in companies located in China and Mongolia that are primarily engaged in the technology, consumer services, industrial, commercial and energy sectors. From 2011 until 2016 Mr. Chapman served as the Chairman of Hirco Plc, a London Stock Exchange listed company, primarily investing in Indian residential real estate development projects. From 2008 through 2018 Mr. Chapman served as the Executive Chairman of Ottoman Fund Ltd., a London Stock Exchange listed company, investing in Turkish property. He has also previously served on the Board of Directors of Trinity Capital Plc, and South African Property Opportunities Plc, each a London Stock Exchange listed company as well as a number of other public companies. Mr. Chapman has been a member of the New York State Bar since 1983 and a CFA Charterholder since 1999.
Mr. Goldstein is a principal of Bulldog Holdings, LLC, the owner of several entities serving as the general partner of several investment partnerships in the Bulldog Investors group of private funds, and the owner of Kimball & Winthrop, LLC, the managing general partner of Bulldog Investors General Partnership, since 2012; he was also a principal of the general partner of several investment partnerships in the Bulldog Investors group of private funds from 1992-2012; additionally, Mr. Goldstein is a principal of Bulldog Investors, LLC, the investment adviser for Special Opportunities Fund and several private investment funds, since 2009. Mr. Goldstein is (or was previously) a Director of the following closed-end funds: Mexico Equity and Income Fund since 2000; Special Opportunities Fund since 2009; ASA Gold and Precious Metals Ltd. from 2008 to 2013; Korea Equity Fund from 2010-2012; Brantley Capital Corporation from 2001 to 2013; Chairman and Director of Emergent Capital, Inc. (formerly known as Imperial Holdings, Inc.), a specialty finance company, from 2012-2017 and Director of Crossroads Capital, Inc., a business development company, since 2016.
Mr. Hellerman owned and served as Managing Director of Hellerman Associates, a financial and corporate consulting firm, from the firm’s inception in 1993 until it ceased operations in 2013. Mr. Hellerman currently serves as a director and chief compliance officer for The Mexico Equity and Income Fund, Inc. and for Special Opportunities Fund, Inc. Mr. Hellerman currently serves as Trustee of Crossroads Liquidating Trust (formerly BDCA Venture, Inc.). Mr. Hellerman also serves as a Trustee of Fiera Capital Series Trust. Mr. Hellerman was previously a director of Brantley Capital Corporation, Ironsides Partners Opportunity Offshore Fund Ltd. and director and chairman of the audit committee of Emergent Capital, Inc. (formerly known as Imperial Holdings Inc.)
Mr. Kass is the President of Seabreeze Partners Management, Inc., a hedge fund sponsor and the General Partner of Seabreeze Partners L.P., which he founded in 2002. From 2005 to 2009, Mr. Kass managed a dedicated short fund, Seabreeze Partners Short L.P. Mr. Kass also served as the portfolio manager and principal of Demours Capital Management, LLC, which was the general partner and investment manager of the hedge funds Circle T. Market Neutral Fund, L.P. and Circle T. Market Neutral Offshore Fund, Ltd., from 2003 to 2004. From 1997 to 2003, Mr. Kass was the general partner of Kass Partners, LLC, the predecessor firm to Kass Partners, Ltd. Prior to that, from 1995 to 1996, he served as Senior Portfolio Manager at Omega Advisors, an employee owned hedge fund sponsor. Mr. Kass previously served as director of Empire Resources, Inc., Diversified Mortgage Investors, Inc. and Federal Home Loan Bank of Palm Beach. Mr. Kass received his bachelor’s degree from Alfred University and an M.B.A. in Finance from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.
Mr. Knapp is the Founder and CIO of Ironsides Partners LLC, a Boston based investment manager specializing in closed-end funds, holding companies, and asset value investing generally. Ironsides and related entities serve as the manager and general partner to various funds and managed accounts for institutional clients. Mr. Knapp is an independent, non-executive director of Castle Private Equity AG (SWX: CPEN), Emergent Capital (Nasdaq OTC: EMGC), MPC Container Ships (XOSL: MPCCME), as well as the Pacific Alliance Asia Opportunity Fund and its related entities and Pacific Alliance Group Asset Management Ltd., based in Hong Kong. Mr. Knapp is also a principal and director of Africa Opportunity Partners Limited (“AOP”), a Cayman Islands company that serves as the investment manager to Africa Opportunity Fund Limited (“AOF”), a closed-end investment company incorporated in the Cayman Islands that trades on the London Stock Exchange and related entities. Mr. Knapp serves on the Boards of Directors of AOF. Mr. Knapp also serves as a member of the Board of Managers of Veracity Worldwide LLC. In addition to his directorships named above, Mr. Knapp serves as a director of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, and is a Trustee of the Children’s School of Science and the Sea Education Association, both of Woods Hole, MA. Prior to founding Ironsides, Mr. Knapp was a managing director for over ten years with Millennium Partners, based in New York.
Mr. Krase, CFA, serves as the Senior Advisor on the Investment Team of Oak Hill Advisors, L.P. (“Oak Hill”), an investment manager which he co-founded in 1993. At Oak Hill, Mr. Krase was a Senior Partner with portfolio management responsibilities in the U.S. and Europe. Prior to founding Oak Hill, Mr. Krase worked at TSA Capital Management, an investment manager, where he was a portfolio manager responsible for global asset allocation, from 1992 to 1993. He also worked in the mergers and acquisitions departments for several investment banks including Gleacher & Co. Ltd. (OTCMKTS: GLCH) from 1990 to 1991 and Salomon Brothers, Inc. (formerly NYSE: SB) from 1989 to 1990. During his career, Mr. Krase has served as a lead participant on numerous creditor committees. In addition, Mr. Krase served two terms as Chairman of Loan Syndications and Trading Association, an industry organization, from 2005 to 2007. Mr. Krase also serves on the board of directors of Bulk Maritime, a private holding company, since 2012. Previously, he served on the board of Grove Industries, one of the world’s leading producers of mobile hydraulic cranes, from 2004 to 2005 and eNet Communications, the largest alternative telecommunications network in Ireland from 2013 to 2017. Mr. Krase also serves on the boards of several non-profit organizations, including The Third Option Foundation beginning January 2017, Venture for America beginning January 2016 and Castle Athletics beginning 2009, and he founded the non-profit, one2one USA Foundation, in October 2016. Mr. Krase received a B.S. from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.
Mr. Lipson has been a private investor since 2017. From 1997 to 2017, Mr. Lipson was the sole managing member of Western Investment LLC, a firm that specialized in investing in undervalued companies, particularly closed-end funds. Mr. Lipson was also a director at Pioneer Municipal and Equity Income Trust (“PBF”), a closed-end fund. Mr. Lipson has substantial experience in trading and research, including previously heading all fixed income research for Lehman Brothers and for Paine Webber, and is credited as the creator of the Kuhn Loeb Bond Indices, now known as the Bloomberg Barclays Indices.
Mr. Tokarz currently serves as Chairman and Portfolio Manager of the Fund and as Manager of the Adviser. Mr. Tokarz is also the Managing Member of The Tokarz Group, a private merchant bank, since 2002. In addition, Mr. Tokarz is a principal and investment team member of PPC Enterprises LLC, a registered investment adviser. Prior to this, Mr. Tokarz was a senior General Partner and Administrative Partner at Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co., a private equity firm specializing in management buyouts. He also currently serves on the corporate board of Mueller Water Products, Inc. He is Chairman Emeritus and is a member of the Board of the University of Illinois Foundation, and serves on its executive committee, investment policy committee and finance committee. He is also a member of the Board of Managers for Illinois Ventures, LLC and Illinois Emerging Technology Fund LLC. Mr. Tokarz serves as a director for the following portfolio companies of the Fund: Custom Alloy Corporation, MVC Automotive Group GmbH, and MVC Partners LLC. He also serves as a director of Focus Pointe Global, Gibdock Limited, and Plymouth Rock Energy, LLC, all portfolio companies of MVC Private Equity Fund, L.P. He was previously on the board of CNO Financial, Walter Investment Management, Walter Energy, IDEX Corporation, Lomonosov, and Athleta, Inc. Additionally, he was on the boards of Turf Products, LLC, until the asset was converted to debt, Timberland Machines & Irrigation, Inc., Dakota Growers Pasta Company, Harmony Health and Beauty, Inc., Harmony Pharmacy & Health Centers, Inc., Summit Research Labs, Inc. Ohio Medical Corporation, and Huamei Capital Company, formerly portfolio companies of the Fund.